cloudy
Mo 27.1.
3/6°
cloudy
Tu 28.1.
5/5°
cloudy
We 29.1.
0/2°

History of Prachatice - The 20th Century

Despite the brief advent of new construction, Prachatice remained a “Medieval” city set amidst a picturesque landscape. This attracted the city‘s first tourists who began to discover the Šumava area with its collection of “romantic” towns at the end of the 19th century. The first hotels were thus created, as were several restaurants, and one of the main attractions was the climatic St. Margaret Spas. Work during the economic depression was provided to the region with the construction of the water reservoir on the Blanice River by the town of Husinec from 1934 to 1939.

Life in Prachatice at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries was overshadowed by social conflict between resident Czechs and Germans concerning the decision-making process in the higher offices. The city itself tended to be dominated by a German majority, as the ratio of Czech to German residents was roughly 1:3. The situation looked quite different in the County of Prachatice, where the ratio was reversed and Germans formed roughly one third of the population. The ratio of Czech to German residents began to change after the 1st World War and by the 1930‘s the ratio was nearly equal. At this point, however, the rise of the national socialist movement in neighbouring Germany led to many serious nationalist conflicts. This all culminated in the Munich Agreement which dictated that part of Czechoslovakia was to be handed over to Nazi Germany. Part of the seized territory included Prachatice, and all Czech residents who had come to the city after 1918 were forced to relocate inland.

The situation was reversed following World War II. The Beneš Decree dictated the deportation of 1,881 Germans (the official number) from Prachatice, mostly to Bavaria, and part of the city‘s Czech population returned.

Since then, the number of residents has been gradually increasing. This trend was supported by the presence of a military company in the city (essentially based here since 1815) and the construction of the ZVVZ Engineering Factory (pneumatic technology production) in the late 1960‘s, bringing in a number of new residents. Other enterprises were gradually formed as well, and by the 1980‘s Prachatice was considered an industrial city. In addition to the engineering, there were also furniture, textile, and foodstuffs industries in production here.